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Vera Graphics Converter 0.1.1

   (3 reviews)

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About This File

Version 0.1

This software converts indexed and RGBA images in the formats PNG, JPG or GIF into binary data suitable for the VERA chip in the upcoming 8-Bit Computer Commander X16.

Basic usage:

Open an image file using File/Open...

Configure the settings according to your needs.

Export the image using File/Export Bitmap/Tiles/Sprites...

Image Modes:

You can open either an indexed image with an embedded palette or a regular RGBA image.

Depending on the image mode, the software behaves slightly differently.


In RGBA mode, VGC needs to match the pixel colors to the colors in the palette. This can be done by comparing color similarity in RGB (Red, Green, Blue), HSL (Hue, Saturation, Lightness) or HSV (Hue, Saturation, Brightness) mode. Select the conversion strategy that works best for your image. Ideally load a palette that matches all colors in the image.

You can specify the bit depth of the image by changing the pixel mode. 1 Bit per Pixel results in 2 colors, 2 Bits per Pixel result in 4 colors, 4 Bits per Pixel result in 16 colors and 8 Bits per Pixel uses the whole palette of 256 colors.

The colors usable by the image depend on the palette offset.


In indexed mode VGC assumes that all pixels in the image have the correct index. It is still necessary to select the correct palette offset to give a correct export. On export the palette offset is subtracted and the index value capped on the selected pixel mode.


Any pixel in the image that has an alpha value of 255 is set to the index selected in "Transparent Color Index". The minimum value is the palette offset.

Image Mode:

The VERA Graphic chip has three modes. Bitmap, tiled with a tile dimension of 8 * 8 pixels and tiled with a tile dimension of 16 * 16 pixels. Both tile modes split the image in separate tiles and limit their number to 256, since the VERA chip cannot address more than 256 tiles. It is also possible to limit their number even further.

To use a tile mode the width and height of your image must be divisible by 8 or 16.

The VERA chips supports 4 different resolutions: 640x480, 320x480, 640x240 and 320x240. VGC does not enforce these resolutions.

It is also possible to generate sprite maps. In sprite mode the tiles can have 8, 16, 32 or 64 pixels in width or height. They are however limited to 128 tiles, and similarly, the source images dimensions have to be divisible by the tile dimensions. Sprites can only have a color depth of 4 or 8 Bits per Pixel.

PRG File Header

It is possible to save the exported binary file with 2 leading bytes. This is necessary for some load routines in the Commander X16 Kernal.

Splitting files

The exported files can be saved in chunks of a given size. The VERA Video RAM is paged in pages of 2048 bytes. Files can be split at any page, depending on how you want to store or load your data. The PRG File Header is saved to every individual file.

The Palette

You can load and save the color palette in the Format used by the Gnu Image Manipulation Program (GIMP)

Other software like Aseprite can read and save this format too.

You can also export the palette in the format used by the VERA chip. The PRG Header option is applied to this as well. The file splitting is not.

Analyzing the image.

You can double click on colors in the palette to change them.

When you hold the left mouse button on a color in the palette, the parts of the image using this color are highlighted.

Similarly, when you click on the image the color in the palette is also highlighted.


What's New in Version 0.1.1   See changelog


I've fixed some small bugs, like some values were not saved in the project file.

The palette can now scroll and the tiles are now in a square layout.

The PRG Header and file split settings are now in a seperate "Settings" Dialog.

I've increased the limit of tiles to 1024 tiles in 2, 4 and 8 bit color mode as StephenHorn pointed out


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   2 of 2 members found this review helpful 2 / 2 members

Broken on Ubuntu 20.04.
Crashes on exports and exports empty file.

Link to review


I ran version 0.1.1 just fine in Ubuntu 20.04 - it's quite convenient, but still a little buggy and still a touch confusing at first until you get the hang of it. Granted, the first confusing thing was actually my fault - I was playing around with an "8x8" font, but it just wasn't displaying properly - it turns out that the PNG was actually quadrupling the pixels, so once I scaled it down to 1:1 resolution, everything worked as expected.

I like how this program makes it very easy to see what 4bpp assets will look like on-system with various palette swaps at just the click of a radio button. Personally, I would prefer that the palette be displayed in 16 colors per row instead of 10, so each row would be a unique "palette" for 4bpp mode.

I also like that the 2-byte header is optional (I'm hoping that the Kernal's LOAD/SAVE routines get updated to support "headerless" files, since you can already specify load addresses on the 'command line.')

Link to review


I had the same result as Peon on Windows 10 (ARM edition, running it in emulation, but I don't think that's the problem). It crashes and exports an empty file. Two stars because the program seems like it would be very good if it worked properly.

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